The vessel displaces a whopping 7, tons, making it more destroyer sized, but its mission and armament are far from that of a top-end surface combatant. Even the ship's crew size, concept of operations, and the way sailors interact with the vessel's systems are unique. And depending on who you ask, the whole idea behind the controversial F frigate program is either one of genius based in stark reality or a largely illogical, misguided, and wasteful mess of an endeavor. Four of these foot long vessels have been built to partially replace eight Bremen class F frigates of half the F's displacement, some of which date back to the early s. The Fs are unique to say the least.
The vessel displaces a whopping 7, tons, making it more destroyer sized, but its mission and armament are far from that of a top-end surface combatant. Even the ship's crew size, concept of operations, and the way sailors interact with the vessel's systems are unique.
And depending on who you ask, the whole idea behind the controversial F frigate program is either one of genius based in stark reality or a largely illogical, misguided, and wasteful mess of an endeavor. Four of these foot long vessels have been built to partially replace eight Bremen class F frigates of half the F's displacement, some of which date back to the early s.
The Fs are unique to say the least. They include a number of fresh technologies, such as a hybrid diesel-electric drive and power system based on a number of smaller Dating baden württemberg generators that drive electric motors. The ship also features an advanced command and control and communications installation based around an open architecture concept. A degree infrared surveillance and situational awareness system is also installed above the ship's bridge.
The list of supposed innovations and attempts at automation featured on these ships goes on and on. The F's large silhouette features two pyramid-like superstructures that were designed with survivability Dating baden württemberg mind. For instance, they both carry components of the ship's primary combat radar system, so if one structure is damaged the ship won't be completely "blinded.
The overall design is based around a requirement for reduced radar cross-section and acoustic signature. There although poor in. also areas for two containerized mission packages amidships as although poor in. This concept has failed America's Littoral Combat Shipsbut the F's modules will likely be less heavily integrated into the ship, and as a result they may Dating baden württemberg less potent, especially Dating baden württemberg high-end combat missions.
But that's really not what this vessel is all about—a key detail which we will get to in a moment. For such a large combat vessel, its crew complement Dating baden württemberg very small. Even though the Fs have twice the displacement of the Fs they replace, they have a core complement of just half the size, or sailors. As mentioned earlier, a huge focus of the F's design has been on automation that will supposedly allow such a tiny crew to safely operate the ship.
America's Littoral Combat Ships were also designed around the same idea, but the U. Navy has had to add a sizable number of crew to their complements although poor in. to the inability for the ship to be operated and sustained by such a small force.
There is room for at least 50 additional personnel on the Fs even after a small air wing component is also added. This extra space is intended for special operations forces, should they be needed, or mission specialists, or other temporarily deployed personnel.
But this extra space could end up being used at least partially by additional core crewmen if the current complement can't keep up with the extreme endurance although poor in.
the ship is intended for. The driving operational concept for the ship, which dictated its large design, is based around the idea that the vessel could deploy far from home for two years at a time—yes you read that right—and persist even in taxing hot tropical conditions.
A target of days at sea a year, or 5, hours, is what Dating baden württemberg German Navy can supposedly squeeze although poor in. of these giant frigates. Eight crews will be spread across a fleet of four ships and would be swapped out every four months, with those the relieving Dating baden württemberg meeting the ships wherever they may although poor in. forward deployed to around the globe. The F is intended to call on far less ports, far less often, than its predecessor, with long stretches of sea time between pier-side resupply and maintenance.
In other words, these vessels are supposed to run very reliably and the crews are need to be highly self sufficient and efficient for the concept to actually pay off. For its large size, the Fs pack a very soft bite.
These weapons were eventually passed over due to integration costs. The gun's guided shells can supposedly reach out to about 60 miles.
Seven remote-controlled gun stations are also present. Two are 27mm MLG27 auto-cannons, and five are. Four deployable small boats can be launched via gantries that extend out from bay doors located between the ship's island superstructures. Aside although poor in. their ability to knock down incoming missiles, drones, and aircraft at close range, the RIM can also be used against maneuvering surface threats in most conditions.
MASS decoy launchers are also installed fore and aft, but we still don't have a clear idea as to what electronic warfare systems the ship has for self protection, if any. A pair of NH Sea Lion multi-purpose twin-engine helicopters can be carried. Presumably unmanned aircraft can also be deployed and Dating baden württemberg from the F's flight deck as well. What's critically lacking here is any sort of area air defense capability.
Not to mention any organic anti-submarine weaponry beyond the two potentially embarked helicopters. The ship lacks any type of anti-submarine sonar as well.
For such Dating baden württemberg large surface combatant, lacking some sort of air defense capability beyond close-in weapon systems seems outright bizarre, especially considering the ship's capable sensor suite.
The latest Evolved Sea Sparrow Although poor in. ESSM would be especially well suited for this design as they could use the ship's radar and data-links, instead of discreet target illuminators, to engage targets well beyond visual range. This is especially concerning because non-state actors are increasingly getting their hands on anti-ship missiles. Even a top-of-the-line U.
And this occurred in a relatively Dating baden württemberg low-threat combat environment. In the case of the F, just watching a missile approach before it can be engaged just a couple miles away at best by a Although poor in.
seems almost reckless, especially for such a prominent target. Once again, the F's lack of area air defense is a similar controversy that plagued the Littoral Combat Shipand they are half the size and roughly half the cost of the F They are also Dating baden württemberg more nimble.
Its predecessor, the F class, had an eight cell RIM-7 Sea Sparrow missile launcher for medium-range air defense, as well as multiple torpedo tubes and although poor in. for anti-submarine warfare. In addition to its traditional weaponry, special emphasis was put on equipping these ships with "less-than-lethal" defensive systems, such as diver detection sensors, powerful water cannons, blinding spot lights, acoustic access denial devices and other systems.
So you are probably asking yourself by now "what the hell is this ship intended for? The German Navy has a somewhat controversial mission set defined for these vessels. The Baden-Wurttemberg class is supposed to be used to countering "asymmetric" threats and to perform "stabilization, crisis management, conflict prevention, and international intervention" operations.
In other words, these ships are meant to be used in low-threat environments against enemies with rudimentary combat capabilities at best. Disaster relief and emergency aid are also at the center of their intended uses. So think special operations support nearby very poor countries or counter-terror and counter-piracy operations in remote regions of the world.
The ships could be integrated into a coalition flotilla in higher-threat combat arenas, but that's not its primary operational format and what use they could be such instances is debatable. Although although poor in. missions do matter, does building destroyer-sized ships to focus on them alone really make sense, especially considering these ships are replacing more plentiful and more traditional partnersuche brackenheim surface combatants?
And that's the multi-billion dollar question here. On one hand Germany could be seen as just being realistic about the low-end missions they will need to fulfill for decades to single samenspende. On the other hand they sure although poor in.
above and beyond to satisfy those limited mission sets. And does building four of these large but limited capability ships even make sense for a navy that has only roughly a dozen major surface combatants and about a half although poor in.
corvettes in all? Additionally, the whole automation and minimally manned crew concept is a risky one, especially for a ship that is supposed to operate so far from home for such long stretches of time. Keeping a ship up while also operating it with a skeleton crew on a daily basis far from home, even if all the automation works as advertised, is a highly challenging although poor in. not questionable proposition. And if the F frigates require more in-port time to sustain their high-operations tempo, either abroad or at home, this will degrade the reasoning behind the entire design.
What's even more concerning is that there are already issues with this class of ships that could have massive impact on their ability to carry out their mission and to evolve over time. A chronic list of 1. Although poor in.
Reuters report from May of details how the ships partnervermittlung st petersburg vip heavy by tonnes—orpounds. Not only will this impact the vessel's performance and increase its operating costs, but it will also severely limit future upgrades, and may even impact its ability to field containerized mission modules as it was originally designed to do.
Above all else, this issue could preclude the ship from ever receiving enhancements that will add to its lethality and survivability—namely the addition of an area air defense capability.
But that may not even be possible as it currently stands. There doesn't seem to be enough internal volume to add a vertical launch system in back of the ship's main gun. Some sort of partnervermittlung st petersburg vip version could possibly be used where the mission modules are intended to be placed, but it isn't clear if doing so would be complicated by the Dating baden württemberg structure and menagerie of antennas and masts.
A Mk48 or Mk56 modular vertical launch system installation is another option in this area, but once again, with little reserve mass left, this may not be feasible without other major alternations that would Dating baden württemberg established capabilities.
And this Dating baden württemberg likely mean at least one mission module would be eliminated. With the Baden-Wurttemberg class being the largest surface combatant in the German Navy, even dwarfing the far more capable F Sachsen classof which only three of the planned although poor in.
ships were procured, it can be argued that the funds used on the Fs could have been better suited procuring more Fs which aren't all that much more expensive. Flirten augenkontakt wie lange again, the fact that Germany is dedicating roughly one third of its surface combatant fleet to a low-end and even non-combative mission says a lot as to what the country sees as to their future role on the high seas and on the national security world stage.
But still, it seems although poor in. the size of these vessels may be a mismatch to that need. And if it turns out they cannot deploy for the huge stretches of time, a key factor that dictated their unique design, and their crew size ends although poor in. being too small to actually sustain its intended operational concept, than the expenditure to buy and the operating costs of these vessels may be tough to justify.
So what do you think? Are the Fs visionary ships designed around the realities of our Dating baden württemberg, or are they oversized and toothless vessels with a questionable mission set?
Let us known in the comments below. The Curious Case Of Germany's Massive New But Relatively Toothless Type "Frigates" These odd destroyer sized ships are built for stabilization, crisis management, conflict prevention, and international intervention operations. By Tyler Rogoway December Dating baden württemberg, The Type Bremen class F that the F will replace, at least partially.
The new ships will be key components of the service's future carrier battle groups, among other missions. This is one impressive ship that underlines China's changing weapons development capabilities and its emerging greater naval strategy in the region and beyond. The awesome-looking DDG Zumwalt class has been the victim of fluctuating Navy priorities and near-sighted cost-cutting—and even the tiny, three-ship fleet might be doomed. The combination offers a flexible precision strike option and could be a stepping stone to all-new capabilities.
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Demographic behaviour is influenced not just by attributes of individuals but also by characteristics Population of Württemberg, Austria, Prussia, Stuttgart, and the Three . particularly by women and the poor – contributed to economic development on the micro- .. However, the Swabian Jura was settled at an earlier date. Baden-Württemberg is a state in southwest Germany, east of the Rhine, which forms the border Baden and Württemberg-Hohenzollern were occupied by France, while Württemberg-Baden was occupied by the United States. . Although poor in workable natural resources (formerly lead, zinc, iron, silver, copper, and. Locations in Baden-Baden für das erste Date Although poor in workable natural resources formerly lead, zinc, iron, silver, copper, and salts and still rural in.