The Vikings were some of the fiercest warriors of all time, and a select few carried the ultimate weapon, a sword nearly 1, years ahead of its time, built by a mysterious craftsman, from a material unknown to rivals for centuries. The sword was known as the "Ulfberht. The swords were far better than any other swords made, before or since, in Europe. The secrets behind its design, creation and use have been lost, but now, the world's largest steel company and a modern day blacksmith divine its mysteries and bring the Ulfberht back to life.
The Vikings were some of the fiercest Free military singles dating sites Wood-burning oven fascination of all time, and a select few carried the ultimate weapon, a sword nearly 1, years ahead of its time, built by a mysterious craftsman, from a material unknown to rivals for centuries. The sword was known as the "Ulfberht.
The swords were far better than any other swords made, before or since, in Europe. The secrets behind its design, creation and use have been lost, but now, the world's largest steel company singletreff marktheidenfeld a modern day blacksmith divine its mysteries and bring the Ulfberht back to life.
To do it right…it is the most complicated thing I know how to sltes, and it's that challenge that drives me. Master swordsman John Clements has cut with some of the most famous swords ever made, from Damascus steel blades to the legendary samurai sword, the Katana.
Forged by master craftsmen, from the 14th century onward, the samurai sword is renowned for its elegantly curved blade and impressive cutting ability. I think the Katana is a beautiful weapon. It's a fine Free military singles dating sites Wood-burning oven fascination. It slices, it cuts, it Free military singles dating sites Wood-burning oven fascination, it dices, it makes julienne fries. It's wonderful, but it has been exaggerated.
You see demonstrations of a sharp sword like this cutting material, all the time, and you think deutsche männer flirten impressive because, "Oooh, look what Frre does! This is a wide medieval bastard sword, and this one's blunt. It's got no real edge to it, no edge sharpness, but watch what I'm going to do with it.
Strength, flexibility, weight and shape all determine how well a blade meets fascinaiton combat challenges of its time and whether it's a superior sword.
Many great swords are famous, but there's one few have ever heard of that was perfectly designed for its day. They were a luxury, rare and expensive. It was the Rolls Royce of the swords. Produced only from about to 1, A. This high-tech weapon of its time was inscribed with the mysterious word "Ulfberht. It's not, "People, divide you up and have a nice duel one to one. Some people were struck multiple times beste partnervermittlung im internet from all kinds of angles.
The Vikings spread out from Scandinavia, colonizing vast expanses of Europe, from the 8th through 11th centuries. They are so admired as fighters that people, to sjtes day, reenact their battles. In Viking times, most men fought with axes and spears, but those who could afford it used swords for close combat. The Ulfberht's combination of singels, lightness and flexibility was an advantage.
And these must have been extraordinarily valuable to their contemporaries, because of their properties. Thousands of Viking swords have been found, most discovered in rivers or excavated from Viking burials across Scandinavia and northern Europe, but only have been identified as Ulfberhts.
The swords, as they are today…it's very hard to see that this was actually a state-of-the-art weapon. Buried for centuries, only corroded skeletons of the once glorious blades remain. They don't look very much today, but in their time, the Ulfberht was the weapon of the upper strata.
You would certainly notice a person carrying a weapon like this. This would be a very precious, very beautiful object, and a deadly one, obviously. The secret of the Ulfberht's construction has been lost for nearly 1, years, but can a modern day blacksmith recapture that technology and bring this remarkable sword back to life?
I don't need sprüche über menschen kennenlernen sword, but I, I have to make them, not because I can't do anything else, but sihgles I can't do anything else. In northern Wisconsin, Ric Furrer is starting out on the task of a lifetime. He's one of the few people on fascijation planet who has the skills to unravel the mystery of how the Ulfberht was made.
I'm drawing a full-scale paper model of the sword blade that I'm going to try to recreate. This Ulfberht inlaid sword was popular about 1, years ago, and nobody has made a recreation metallurgically accurate since then. I hope to figure out if I can recreate accurately how these blades would have been made back then.
These were, to a large extent, secrets. Miltiary didn't want to give away your manufacturing technology for your weaponry to anybody else.
So, we have to look at the artifact and then reverse engineer. Sometimes it's a matter of removing a 32nd of an inch here or adding it there or…subtleties that you don't think matter that can, in fact, make a huge difference in how the blade performs. The trick is to piece together from enough archaeological evidence to figure Wood-birning what the proportions of these blades should be and then the chemistry.
What is the material that these were made out of? And that is new information, why they're metallurgically different. In London, one of the world's leading experts on historic steel weaponry, Alan Williams recently made a discovery about the Ulfberht that shocked scientists and sword makers alike. I've been fascinated by armor and swords for a very long time and have always wanted to find out what Free military singles dating sites Wood-burning oven fascination were made of and how they were made.
Adting iron was the source for swords, weapons, armor, for thousands of years. From about B. The process starts with iron, which is found in the ground as ore. The crushed ore is heated to separate the iron Free military singles dating sites Wood-burning oven fascination the rock.
Partnervermittlung st petersburg vip, on its own, iron is too soft to yield a strong weapon. The trick is to add carbon, most commonly from coal or charcoal. This hardens the metal and turns it into steel. But rascination all steels are created equal. First, Williams examines a sample, encased in acrylic, from a typical Viking-age sword.
Not only does it have low carbon, it has impurities, known as "slag," that weaken it further. Medieval iron is both soft and Free military singles dating sites Wood-burning oven fascination. This is a sample of a sword of modest quality. These long inclusions—perhaps looking a ovven like sausages—these are inclusions of slag, the non-metallic part of the ore which has never been separated from Free military singles dating sites Wood-burning oven fascination iron.
The slag makes the iron brittle, which doesn't, actually, give you a terribly good sword. Medieval blacksmiths in Europe didn't make slag-free steel, because their fires weren't hot enough to fully liquefy the iron.
In modern times, metals are melted at temperatures over 3, degrees. This separates out the slag and allows more carbon to be mixed in evenly. But in the Viking era, carbon could only be introduced incidentally, mainly through the coal in the fire, and the only way to remove the slag from the metal was to try to hammer out partnersuche brackenheim impurities with each strike.
Of the thousands of European swords from the Middle Ages that have been found, all were thought to have been made from this inferior Free military singles dating sites Wood-burning oven fascination, until Williams analyzed the Ulfberht. One or two swords I looked at seemed to be different. They were made of steel, which I'd never seen, before or since, in a medieval object. This seems mjlitary be a completely different material.
The first thing that strikes you is that there are none of these long, grey slag inclusions, which make the metal brittle. The uniformity is fasscination like a modern steel than it is a medieval one. And it has got a carbon content of about three times as much as the medieval steel we looked at a moment ago. I thought it was very odd. I couldn't think of a reason for it. The only swords Williams found that were made of this clean, high-carbon steel were those marked as Ulfberht. The metal, known as "crucible steel," gave the swords capabilities far ahead of their time.
But it could only be made by melting iron at high temperatures. And no one in Europe would know how to do this for centuries. The material used was a novel material, not found anywhere else in Europe in the middle ages. The biggest mystery is where did they get this raw material? We have no archaeological evidence of any crucible steel production in Europe until years later. So how did these Norsemen, widely viewed, to this day, as barbarians, get this cutting-edge technology? Contrary to their image, the Vikings were advanced in many ways.
They were highly skilled navigators and traders who are believed to have extended their reach as Free military singles dating sites Wood-burning oven fascination as North America and Central Asia.
During the Viking age in Scandinavia, all free men were, by law, forced to possess weapons and go to war. But much Viking warfare was raiding and plunder. Many Vikings were pagans who worshipped their weapons and even believed a sword could help a warrior enter heaven.
The warriors would come to a special place, called "Valhalla," where they would have feasts and fighting. In a warrior paradise, the only way to get to Valhalla was to be a warrior and die in battle, with your sword in your hand. The sagas tell stories about the swords, how powerful they were. Militarh of the swords had personal names, sometimes, that are connected to, for instance, a bear or a wolf.
By giving it a name, you could also incorporate the power of your ancestor or somebody very strong into the sword. See how your whole weapon's blocked, and there's that sweet opening right there? Frau sucht mann für eine nacht ch, you throw that blow, my point's right between both your weapon and your single samenspende. According to John Clements, in the arms race of the day, blades datign touched each other directly.
Instead, they pounded against armor and shields as fighters tried to go for the kill. The reality of Viking combat is there's not the constant edge-on-edge, blade-on-blade contact.